This assay is available in New York State
Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF)
Sterile screw capped vial
Collect entire sample into a single sterile tube
Freeze as soon as possible after collection; Ship within 24 hours. Ship samples priority overnight on 3-4 lbs of dry ice. Sample must arrive in our lab Monday - Saturday. We do NOT accept Sunday or holiday deliveries.
Room Temperature: Not stable; Refrigerated: 24 hours; Frozen: 72 hours @ -20C, Indefinitely @ -80C; Freeze/Thaw: None
Bloody CSF; Received thawed
CSF Lactate is useful for investigating possible disorders of mitochondrial metabolism, when used in conjunction with cerebrospinal fluid pyruvate collected at the same time to determine the Lactate:Pyruvate ratio. The CSF Lactate:Pyruvate ratio is considered a helpful (not diagnostic) tool in the evaluation of patients with possible disorders of mitochondrial metabolism, especially in patients with neurologic dysfunction and normal blood Lactate:Pyruvate ratios. Pyruvic acid levels alone have little clinical utility.
The Lactate:Pyruvate ratio is elevated in several, but not all, mitochondrial respiratory chain disorders. Mitochondrial disorders vary widely in presentation and age of onset. Many mitochondrial disorders have neurologic and myopathic features and may involve multiple organ systems. Determination of lactate, pyruvate, and Lactate:Pyruvate ratio in cerebrospinal fluid is helpful in directing attention toward a possible mitochondrial disorder in cases with predominantly neurologic dysfunction and normal blood lactate levels. An elevated Lactate:Pyruvate ratio may indicate inherited disorders of the respiratory chain complex, tricarboxylic acid cycle disorders and pyruvate carboxylase deficiency. Respiratory chain defects usually result in Lactate:Pyruvate ratios >20. A low Lactate:Pyruvate ratio (disproportionately elevated pyruvic acid) may indicate an inherited disorder of pyruvate metabolism. Defects of the pyruvate dehydrogenase complex result in Lactate:Pyruvate ratios <10. The Lactate:Pyruvate ratio is characteristically normal in other patients. An artificially high ratio can be found in acutely ill patients.
CSF Collection Tubes (set of 5 tubes per kit)
|Order Code||Order Code Name||Order Loinc||Result Code||Result Code Name||UofM||Result LOINC|
|620044||Lactate CSF||2520-5||620064||LACCSF Results||2520-5|
|620044||Lactate CSF||2520-5||620065||LACCSF Interpretation||N/A|